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直接賓語和間接賓語

直接賓語和間接賓語

有些及物動詞可以有兩個賓語,一個指人,一個指物,前者叫作間接賓語;後者叫作直接賓語。用法如下:

1、直接賓語可由名詞、代詞、數詞、不定式充當。間接賓語是指動詞的行為所指向的人。間接賓語由名詞或賓格代詞充當。間接賓語一般放在直接賓語之前,但有時當直接賓語比間接賓語短得多時,或當我們特彆強調間接賓語時。

E.g:

Remember to write us a letter please. 請記著給我們寫信。

I will return the book to you tomorrow. 我明天還你書。

Fetch a chair for me, will you? 給我取一把椅子好嗎?

2、當間接賓語為人稱代詞,同時直接賓語也是人稱代詞時,也將間接賓語放在直接賓語之後。

E.g:

I have found the book and give it to her.

我找到了那本書,並給了她。

3、間接賓語只能用在某些動詞的後面,常見的這類動詞有:

give, show, send, bring, offer, read, pass, lend, leave, hand, tell, return,

write, pay, point, play, save, spare, order, sing, find等。

E.g:

The teacher gave us a lot of homework.

= The teacher gave a lot of homework to us.

老師留給我們很多作業。

He bought flowers for his girlfriend.

= He bought his girlfriend flowers. 他給女友買花。

He threw the ball to me, and I caught it.

= He threw me the ball, and I caught it.

他把球扔給我,我接住了。

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