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湖南長沙2017中考英語辭彙複習:舊詞新義

湖南長沙2017中考英語辭彙複習:舊詞新義

2017中考英語複習正在進行,新東方在線中考網整理了《湖南長沙2017中考英語辭彙複習:舊詞新義(3)》,供同學們和家長參考。

fail

If you don』t work hard, you may fail. 此句中fail意為「失敗;不及格,沒有通過考試」。fail還有其它用法。如:

① He never fails to write to his mother every week.

(fail意為「忘記、忽視或未能做某事」。)

② She has been failing in health.

(fail in意為「(健康狀況)衰退」。)

③ His friends failed him when he most needed them.

(fail意為「使失望, 辜負」。)

④ I had three passes and one fail.

(fail用作名詞,意為「考試不及格」。)

⑤ I』ll be there at two o』clock without fail.

(without fail意為「肯定,一定,必定」。)

lead

lead在教材中有兩種用法:用作動詞時意思為「引導,引誘」;用作形容詞時意思為「領導的,領先的,帶領的」。

除了教材中的用法外,lead還有以下幾種用法。

Which road leads to the mountain? (lead用作動詞,意思為「通向,通往」。)

My grandmother is leading a quiet life in the countryside. (lead用作動詞,意思為「過某種生活」。)

Not having a balanced diet can lead to health problems. (lead用作動詞,意思為「導致」。)

Her brother took the lead in the high jump. (lead用作名詞,意思為「領先地位」。)

In this new film, she is the lead. (lead用作名詞,意思為「主角」。)

pull

Pull your chair near the table. 此句中pull用作及物動詞,意為「拉,拖」,這是pull的常用法。pull還有其它用法。如:

① The tides(潮汐) depend on the pull of the moon. (pull用作名詞,意為「拉力,引力,磁力」。)

② He was pulled up by the boss. (pull sb. up意為「糾正某人,訓斥某人」。)

stay

I』ll stay here till you come back.

此句中的stay是不及物動詞,意為「停留,呆」,這是其最常見的用法。stay除了此用法外,還有其它用法,如:

① I made some friends during my stay in Beijing. (stay用作名詞,意為「逗留,停留」。)

② I don』t like you staying out so late. (stay out意為「不回家,呆在戶外」。)

③ I stayed up very late last night. (stay up意為「不睡覺,熬夜」。)

④ You stay out of it. It』s none of your business. (stay out of sth. 意為「不參與某事,不插手某事」。)

train

train在教材中用作名詞,意思為「火車,列車」。

train除了以上用法外,還有以下幾種用法。

I』ve trained my dog to fetch my slippers. (train用作動詞,意思為「培養,訓練」。)

His telephone call interrupted my train of thought. (train of thought是固定短語,意思為「思路,思緒」。)

He trained his camera on the birds. (train sth. on / at sth. / sb. 意思為「用……對準或瞄準某事物或某人」。)

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