When it comes to résumés, there's a ton of advice out there on how to get it right.
And, to be honest, some of it is just downright wrong.
A lackluster résumé is the quickest way to get your job application thrown out altogether, so it's important to separate the helpful advice from the nonsense.
Business Insider spoke with several résumé experts about the worst CV advice out there.Here are their top picks:
Business Insider網站通過和多個建立專家的對話總結出了關於CV書寫的最坑建議,以下是中招最多的幾條:
1.Bad advice: Keep it to one page, no matter what
Better advice: Lengthen your résumé along with your career and experience
This seems like a controversial one, but four of the experts Business Insider spoke with said that one-page résumé are obsolete — at least when it comes to great or highly experienced candidates.
"This can be a job search killer, because a great candidate should have more than one or two accomplishments per role to promote on their résumé," Amy Adler, a certified master résumé writer, management coach, and CEO of Five Strengths told Business Insider in an email. "If a candidate has held, say, five jobs in the last 25-30 years, and they follow the old-school approach of listing two to three 'responsibilities' per job, that gives the same amount of résumé real estate to the most current and likely the most advanced role as it gives to whatever that person was doing in the late eighties."
「這一點可能會成為你求職路上的攔路虎,因為對於一個資質優越的候選人來說,每個但當過的職務都至少要緊跟著羅列至少一項相關成就,」Amy Adler,作為認證履歷撰寫專家和五力公司的CEO,在郵件里這樣告訴Business Insider,「如果一個求職者,在簡歷中遵循舊法羅列其25-30歲所作的五份工作,並且每份工作後面附上兩三條所謂職務責任的說明,隨著工作經歷的累積,直到80多歲了還是要遵循一頁紙原則,更新羅列出所有工作直至最新職務的話,是根本行不通的.」
She said that two to three pages is a fine number for more experienced candidates, if that's what's needed to "deliver a comprehensive, compelling résumé." She added that a readable font and an appealing design are particularly crucial for longer CVs.
"Remember — the audience doing the hiring wants an easy sell, so if the candidate is keeping their audience's needs for content and readability in mind, the hiring executive will certainly want to read more, not less, and use the résumé for what it's designed to do — generate a call for an interview," Adler said.
Top Resume career advice expert Amanda Augustine said not to worry about hiring managers' tendency to skim over résumés.
頂級生涯簡歷諮詢專家Amanda Augustine稱不要在意用人單位領導篩選簡歷時的快速。
"Yes, statistics show that recruiters have short attention spans," Augustine said. "That said, there's no reason why a senior executive with 20 years of experience should be expected to condense all their accomplishments and major contributions to one page. It's only if you're new to the workforce that you're expected to stick to a one-page document."
So, if you're no longer constrained by the "one page rule," how can you make sure that your résumé grabs the recruiter's attention?
"Our belief is that if you need a second page to complete your professional story, do it," Loft Résumés résumé and career strategist SJ Sawhney said in an email. "The correct advice is, 'Make sure the first page captures the hiring manager's interest, whether or not there's a second page.'"
「我們相信如果一頁紙不夠書寫你全部的職業經歷的話,那麼繼續另起一頁,」 Loft Résumés公司的簡歷與職業生涯戰略師SJ Sawhney在來信中這樣說。「正確的建議是:保證簡歷的第一頁能引起招聘經理的興趣,這樣不管你有沒有寫第二頁都沒問題。」
2. Bad advice: Hide the gaps in your career
Better advice: Be honest and constructive
"The worst common résumé advice, in my opinion, is to hide the blemishes of your background in a functional résumé format," executive résumé writer and Chameleon Résumés managing director Lisa Rangel told Business Insider in an email.
「我認為最常見的一個壞建議是,在羅列式寫簡歷時規避寫出背景的缺陷,」執行簡曆書寫人及Chameleon Résumés公司的管理董事Lisa Rangel在郵件中這樣說道。
"This is horrible advice for a few reasons. First, anyone with a progressive, linear background will use a reverse-chronological format. So when someone does not use this format and uses a functional format, you are bringing attention to the non-progressive aspects of your background. It's a résumé-equivalent of screaming, 'I am trying to hide something about my background!'"
It's never easy to fill in gaps on your résumé, but, as Mack Gelber writes for Monster, it's best to just keep things honest and positive: "Before you go to the interview, try to identify a few things you gained from your time away."
填補履歷中的工作空窗期肯定不是件容易事,但是,Mack Gelber寫給Monster中的話一樣,最好保證內容的真實與積極:「在去往面試之前,試著找出這段工作空窗期里你有哪些收穫。」
3.Bad advice: Use a fun, eye-catching design
Better advice: Stick the basics unless you're applying to a creative job
While stories about unusual or unconventional résumés might be popular, , founder and CEO of job siteLadders, said it's important not to go too crazy with your design.
雖然那些關於不尋常非傳統的建立取得成功的故事屢見不鮮,對於求職網站Ladders的創始人和CEO Marc Cenedella看來,簡歷的設計千萬不能太瘋狂。
In most cases, your creativity will just annoy, rather than impress, the hiring manager.
"Don't use design to show you're clever," he told Business Insider in an email. "Infographics, clever fonts, interesting styles, all make it tougher for recruiters, HR people, and machines to read your résumé. Unless you're applying to be a creative, don't get clever with your design."
4. Bad advice: Send your stock résumé out everywhere
Better advice: Create multiple versions of your résumé targeting specific companies and positions.
"The worst, common résumé advice is being generic with information and then mass mailing to any and all jobs," Résumé Writers' Ink CEO and founder Tina Nicolai said in an email. "This is similar to fishing for a specific fish and using the wrong bait. Far too many candidate leave off pertinent information such as metrics, achievements, business results, number of employees on their team, year-end fiscal results, and leadership competencies. The more specific the résumé is to the targeted job description, the better chances the candidate will be selected for an interview."
「最差勁的,也是常見的簡歷建議是把職業經歷信息通篇陳述,並且大量投遞於各類職位.」 Résumé Writers' Ink 公司的CEO及創始人Tina Nicolai在郵件中說道. 「這好比是釣不同的魚卻使用同樣的鉤子.很多很多的求職者會在簡歷里留下與職位不相干的內容,比如硬性指標,成就,商務成果,曾與多少人的團隊成員共事,年終財政數據,以及領導力競爭力.其實簡歷越針對所求職業,求職者拿到面試機會的可能性就越大.」
5. Bad advice: Include an objective statement at the top

Better advice: Let your cover letter explain your master plan

Lynn Taylor, a national workplace expert and the author of "Tame Your Terrible Office Tyrant: How to Manage Childish Boss Behavior and Thrive in Your Job," said that the résumé "objective" is totally obsolete.
Lynn Taylor,作為全國職場專家以及 「馴服可怕的職場獸性:怎樣管理幼稚的老闆作風並且保住工作」一文的作者,稱在簡歷里陳述目標完全是過時的做法。
"Everyone should have a career goal, job objectives, know where they're headed, and so on," Taylor told Business Insider in an email. "But putting an 'objective' on your résumé can limit your chances of landing a job."
How's that, exactly? Taylor said that your objective might completely miss the mark when it comes to the job you're applying to. Instead, she recommended explaining your career objective in your cover letter.
"When you initially introduce yourself in a résumé and say, in effect, 'Here's what I want,' is that the first message you want to convey?" Taylor said. "Do you want to put yourself in a box? Or do you want to communicate, 'Here's what I offer?' The latter has more credibility and gives you greater latitude. A good hiring manager can distill from your summary and cover letter (if well-written), what you're looking for. If not, then you need to rewrite them."

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