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練口語時候要注意的地方

練口語時候要注意的地方

Fluency & Coherence

流暢性及連貫性

1. Repeat after a recording 複述練習

The Frst time you repeat it will probably be slower than the actual recording so keep repeating until you gain the same speed as the native speaker. Be aware that you may need to use sound links, contractions and weakened forms to match their speed.

通常第一次做複述練習時,念的速度會比較慢,你必須重複練習,直到你講話的速度與以英語為母語的使用者的速度一致。練習速度時你必須同時活用「連音」、「縮略語」以及「弱讀音」。

戳鏈接:連讀、略讀、斷句、語調...是時候了解一下正確的發音規律了~

2. Repeat the same topic 重複練習相同的主題

The first time you say a Part 2 topic, for example, you will produce a somewhat slow response with little information. The more often you repeat it, the more fluently your response should come out. Remember when you begin to produce more fluent answers, you will need to add more information to ensure that you keep talking for 1-2 minutes.

剛開始練習口語測試的Part 2時,你的反應會較慢,頭腦中的資料會比較少,重複練習可以改善這種狀況。記住,當你講得比較流利后,你就必須提供充分的資料來讓你的回答足以持續~2分鐘。

3. Use it or lose it 儘可能使用新辭彙

The reason why you pause or hesitate is often in search of vocabulary which is not readily available to you. The more you use a word, the more likely it will become active vocabulary. By the same token if you never use a word that you have learnt, it is destined to be forgotten.

通常你在口試時停頓或猶豫,是因為你正在腦海里尋找合適的辭彙。平時多練習使用學過的辭彙,辭彙才會真正屬於你。

4. Focus on English, not IQ 專註在英文能力上

Another reason why you may break down is that you have no opinion.As a student about to study your Master's Degree, of course you want to sound very educated and knowledgeable, but remember IELTS stands for International English Language Testing System, it's not an IQ test. Examiners are testing your English not your intelligence. If you can't think of a smart response, then say something obvious, boring, or even stupid but use good English while you are doing so. Saying something is better than nothing. If you say nothing then you lose points in each criterion, not just fluency. If you say something stupid, you will still gain points in each criterion. The only thing you may lose is face but who cares? You'll never see the examiner again.

導致你在發言中停頓的另一個原因是因為你沒有自己的看法。參加IELTS測試的考生多半是為了攻讀碩士,當然會希望自己聽起來是個有知識的人。但請牢記,IELTS考查的是你的英文能力,而非智力。萬一實在沒有好的想法,或只有一些無趣、甚至愚蠢的想法,還是要盡量開口說,因為隨便說也比什麼都不說好。

5. Read, read, read 閱讀各類型的文章

Again if you break down due to a lack of opinions then start reading up on a variety of topics and pay particular attention to different people's opinions. Nobody ever has a totally original opinion-everyone copies and adapts a number of ideas from various people when formulating their own opinion.

如果你是因為缺乏想法而導致回答停頓的話,那你必須開始閱讀各種類型的文章,並多注意別人所發表的意見。沒有人天生就是文思泉湧的,每個人都是參考別人的各種想法並將其轉換成自已的意見。

6. Don't be shy for 11-14 minutes 暫時拋開害羞的個性

Even if you are shy in your native country using your native language-a person known to be of few words, you will have to change your personality for a mere 11~14 minutes as the examiner can only make an evaluation of what he/she hears. Again, if they hear nothing or very little, then it will affect each criterion. Try to be as tallcative as possible and say as much as possible.

如果你是個害羞或不善言辭的人,那你必須在口試的11~14分鐘里暫時拋開你害羞的個性,儘可能讓自己表現得像個能言善辯的人。

7. Use signpost expressions 使用「指引性」的詞語

Signpost expressions are words that give the listener some direction, for example: Firstly, By this I mean, For instance, In contrast, To be honest. All these expressions give the listener some idea of what kind of information to expect next, which makes it easier to follow and understand the conversation.

使用一些「指引性」的詞語,給聽者指引方向,讓聽者能立即且清楚地知道你要表達的信息,例如:Firstly(首先)、By this I mean(我的意思是)、For instance(例如)、In contrast(相反)、To be honest(老實說)。

Lexical Resource

辭彙量

1. Read, read, read 儘可能多地閱讀文章

Read something you enjoy reading; the more you enjoy it, the more you will read and the more you read, the more vocabulary you will learn. It doesn't matter if you are reading a signpost on the street or Harry Potter-you can learn English anywhere and everywhere.

讀一些你感興趣的文章或書籍,讀得越多,你學習到的辭彙就越多。不管是街上的標語,還是像《哈利·波特》這樣的小說,英文的學習是無所不在的。

2. Review, review, review 複習,複習,再複習

If you don't review, you will forget. It is often boring to review, but it is absolutely essential to retain and consolidate vocabulary learnt. There's no point learning new words, in fact it would be a waste of time if you can't even remember the words you have learnt previously.

如果你不花時間複習,是很容易忘記的。複習雖然很無趣,但這是記住並鞏固辭彙必要的方法。如果連已經學過的辭彙都記不得,那麼拚命學新辭彙也只是在浪費時間。

3. Use an English-English dictionary 使用英一英字典

It may be difficult at first but it will have far-reaching effects, as every time you learn a new word you will be reviewing old vocabulary. These days learner dictionaries only use around 2,000 of the most common words found in the English language. Such a vocabulary base should already be developed by the stage a student gets to high school. A translator may have short-term benefits but will only slow you down in the long run.

一開始用英一英字典會感到困難,但當你使用它查詢新辭彙時,你會同時複習到舊的辭彙,這樣的學習最有效。一般的英一英字典約使用2000個一般性辭彙,而這些辭彙是學生在高中階段就已具備的。使用電子字典,雖然可以快速查到辭彙的意思,但就長遠來看,這反而會減慢你的學習腳步。

4. Use it or lose it 儘可能使用新辭彙

Always try to use new words in conversation or writing as this is the best way to remember a word. The more you use it, the easier it will be to recall next time you wish to use it.

當你學習一個新單詞后,最好的辦法是一有機會就使用它。

5. Practise paraphrasing 練習改述

As a non-native speaker, it doesn't matter how many words you learn; there will always be a time when you don't know the word for something you wish to express.This will be even more likely when you are in a test and you are feeling nervous, tired and maybe even scared. Therefore it's important that you have the ability to paraphrase. Open up any book or even a dictionary and see if you can describe a word using other words-you may use a synonym, parallel expression or even a sentence to describe your meaning. Even native speakers use this technique as everyone's mind goes blank from time to time.

對於母語非英語的人來說,不論你學了多少單詞,仍然會有詞窮的時候,尤其在考試太過緊張時。因此,具備使用不同的表達方式來表達臨時想不出的辭彙的能力是極重要的。從一本書或字典中隨意選一個詞,試著使用同義詞甚至是句子來表達它的意思。就連母語為英語的人在臨時找不到辭彙表達時,也會如法炮製。

6. Learn ail word forms 學習所有的詞性變化

Students most commonly use an incorrect word form, that is, they use a noun when they should use a verb or they use an adjective when they should use an adverb.When you learn a new word also find out what the part of speech is and what the other word forms are.

一般學生最常犯的錯誤就是詞性,也就是該使用動詞時卻用了名詞,或該用副詞時卻用了形容詞。當你學到一個新的單詞時,一定要把它的詞性變化一起記下來。

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